Winter months present additional hazards that are typically not factors for employees during warmer weather – specifically, slip and fall concerns. With snow and icy conditions, employees run the risk of taking major falls, which can lead to serious injuries.
Education is essential in preventing winter weather-related injuries. Have employees consider the following recommendations to prevent slip and fall injuries during the winter months:
- Wear proper footwear that provides traction on snow and ice. Footwear should be made of anti-slip material; avoid plastic and leather-soled shoes or boots.
- Exercise caution when entering and exiting vehicles. Use the vehicle for balance and support.
- Try to walk only in designated areas that are safe for foot traffic. If you notice that a walkway is covered in ice, walk on the grass next to the sidewalk, which will have more traction.
- Avoid inclines that are typically difficult to walk up or down, as they may be more treacherous in winter conditions.
- Take small steps to maintain your centre of balance, walk slowly and never run. When possible, walk with your hands free to maintain your balance. Despite the cold temperatures, avoid putting your hands in your pockets. This will help you better maintain your balance and allow you to break a fall should you slip.
- Use handrails, walls or anything stationary to assist in steadying your feet.
- Look ahead to the path in front of you to avoid hazards.
- Test a potentially slippery area before stepping on it by tapping your foot on the surface first.
- Remove debris, water and ice from all working walkways.
- Steer clear of roof edges, floor openings and other drop-offs to avoid slipping hazards.
- Sand or salt surfaces covered by ice or snow to provide traction.
- Dry your shoes or boots on floor mats when entering a building.
- Report trip and fall hazards immediately to your supervisor.
- Seek shelter immediately in the event of severe weather conditions.
If You Begin To Slip
- Twist your body and roll backward to avoid falling forward and injuring your face.
- Try to relax your body when you start to feel your legs give way.
- If you are carrying a load, throw it off to the side so it does not land on you when you fall. This will also free your arms to help break your fall.